Cocaine is a stimulant drug or \u2018upper.\u2019 This means it temporarily boosts mood, alertness, and energy. Cocaine is also highly addictive, and it can damage users\u2019 physical and mental health. It\u2019s important to be on the lookout for signs of cocaine use in a loved one. Cocaine addiction can ruin lives and put a strain on relationships. Here are the most common signs of cocaine use. Behavioral Signs of Cocaine Use The presence of white powder around the nose is an obvious physical sign of cocaine use, but cocaine can also result in noticeable changes in behavior. Some of these are quite specific to cocaine use. For example, if a loved one is high on cocaine, they may have a runny nose, sniff frequently, or wipe their nose often. Other behavioral warning signs include: \tBeing \u2018pumped up\u2019 \tTalking quickly or for long stretches of time \tParanoia \tAggression \tExcitability \tRestlessness \tIncreased alertness and energy \tA boost in mood and confidence for no apparent reason \tChanges in sleeping patterns, such as staying up late\u2014sometimes until the early morning \tEating less or developing an eating disorder \tMore risk-taking behavior \tIncreased promiscuity Cocaine Paraphernalia Be on the lookout for cocaine paraphernalia in their living space or clothing: \tSpoons \tRazor blades \tPlastic baggies Long-Term Signs of Cocaine Use Cocaine is very addictive and can change a user\u2019s emotional life in the long-term. Common long-term signs of cocaine abuse include: Mood Swings When the high from cocaine subsides, users may feel moody and act more hostile and aggressive than usual. Loss of Smell If a loved one is reporting issues with a decreased sense of smell, this could be an effect of long-term cocaine use. Mental Health Issues Like with all addictions, drug use can follow from mental health issues as a way of dealing with emotional pain. But substance abuse can also lead to\u2014or worsen\u2014mental health problems. People who abuse cocaine can develop depression or anxiety in the long run, which is called a dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorder. Worsened Well-Being Long-term cocaine use can worsen well-being in other ways. It can leave users feeling tired, nervous, or apathetic all the time. Since the drug interferes with normal sleep, it can also increase feelings of burnout, stress, and irritability. Social Isolation Cocaine is known to make people more sociable and outgoing, but that\u2019s only when users feel the drug\u2019s effects. When those effects wear off, the person you know may isolate themselves. This is usually so they can try and sleep. Taking sleeping pills or drinking are two ways of getting to sleep, so if you notice that they\u2019re always sociable at night but reclusive the next day, this may be a sign of cocaine use. Financial Problems Cocaine is known for being an expensive drug. This means addiction to cocaine can lead to financial issues. Addicted individuals may continue to fund their cocaine use at the expense of paying bills. They may get into debt and constantly ask to borrow money. Cocaine addiction can also drive people to steal or lie in order to get money. Tolerance If you have a friend who uses cocaine, you may be worried about whether their use is becoming a problem. One sign of problematic use is increased tolerance. This is when a user needs to take more of a drug for the same effect. If a loved one is taking higher doses of cocaine, you have every right to be worried. High doses of cocaine increase the risk of: \tAddiction \tOverdose \tHeart attack Cocaine and Alcohol Drinking and cocaine use often go hand-in-hand. Alcohol reduces inhibitions. People addicted to cocaine find that, after some drinks, they feel a compulsion to get cocaine. If you notice your friend is always picking up cocaine on nights out, then cocaine abuse or addiction could be why. Cocaine addicts struggle to control their urges to obtain and use the drug. Alcohol is especially bad for cocaine users because mixing alcohol with cocaine in the liver produces a new drug: cocaethylene. It increases heart rate 200% more than cocaine alone. It\u2019s also more toxic for the heart than cocaine. If a loved one is starting to drink in an out-of-control way, a cocaine habit could be at play. Cocaine and Fentanyl Many cocaine users also\u2014on purpose or not\u2014get cocaine that is laced with fentanyl. Fentanyl is an opioid that is 50 to 100 times more powerful than morphine. Abusing fentanyl-laced cocaine increases the risk of overdose. Signs of an overdose from cocaine plus fentanyl include: \tShallow breathing or ceasing to breathe \tGurgling sounds or snoring (indicating that their airway is partially blocked) \tBlue fingertips or lips \tFloppy arms and legs \tNo response to stimulus \tDisorientation \tUnconsciousness Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms Another key sign of cocaine addiction is withdrawal symptoms. These take place when a cocaine addict stops using. Unlike heroin addiction, which has physical withdrawal symptoms, those relating to cocaine are more psychological. Common withdrawal symptoms include: \tAnxiety \tDepression \tParanoia \tIrritability \tMood swings \tSleep problems It\u2019s crucial to spot these kinds of symptoms. When a cocaine user experiences withdrawal, they\u2019re at risk of relapsing. If you can help a loved one get through withdrawal symptoms by getting them in touch with an addiction expert, then they stand a good chance of recovering. Treatment for Cocaine Addiction There are a number of addiction treatment options to help someone stay sober. These include: \tRehab services, such as detox, inpatient treatment, day treatment, or an intensive outpatient program \tTherapy or counseling \u2013 This can be helpful because cocaine abuse is often caused by\u2014or leads to\u2014mental health disorders. \tSupport groups, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) \tLifestyle changes \u2013 When giving up cocaine, lifestyle changes help to keep people fulfilled without the drug. This might include regular exercise, a new hobby, or finding a new social circle. Offering a loved one support can help massively in their recovery from addiction. It\u2019s important not to judge or reject someone for his or her drug problem. What they crave, instead, is understanding and compassion. The first step is realizing when a loved one has a problem they need to fix. If you need some advice on how to approach your loved on, call Washburn House in Worcester, MA at 800-717-3019. The experts at the treatment center can help!